Is 5G Network Dangerous or is it Safe?
Like everything else on the planet, mobile communication is also constantly evolving as well. Currently, we are at the verge of a transition period and soon we will be moving from 4G to 5G. 4G which stands for the 4th generation of mobile communication came with many improvements over the 3rd generation. It included better internet speeds, improved calls and more. Similarly, 5G has its own advantages over 4G. But many people believe that such high-frequency radio waves can potentially be dangerous to human beings. How true is it? Let’s find out.
What will be improvements of 5G over 4G?
The 5G or 5th generation of mobile communication will revolutionize the world. The internet speed will increase up to 10 times if everything goes well. Also, the latency will decrease a lot which means playing games can now be considered on a mobile network. Other than that, calling will improve and network availability will improve as well.
Theoretically and as can be seen in some tests 5G will provide internet bandwidth of over 1 Gbps. However, practically when deployed this might not be the case. Currently, we get an average of 25-30 Mbps internet speed on 4G. That average is expected to increase till 300-400 Mbps on 5G. That is around 10 times more than current speeds.
Does Radio Frequency Radiation cause Cancer?
First of all, let’s be clear about what is radiation. Radiation is actually the emission of energy from an object. Radio Frequency radiation is a type of electromagnetic energy emission. In general, the RF (Radio Frequency) radiation emits low power electromagnetic energy. It actually emits much lower energy than that of the X-rays and Gamma rays.
Not only does the Gamma rays emit high energy radiation it is also capable of ionizing an atom. Ionization of an atom or molecule can damage the DNA in our cells which can cause cancer. However, due to the low energy of RF radiation ionization of atom is not possible. It can only vibrate the atoms in a molecule. So in simple words, radio frequency might not cause cancer.
However, as per the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the RF radiation can cause brain tumors. There are not many resources available on the same though. The IARC also classifies coffee and talc-based powders under the same possibly carcinogenic category as the radio frequency radiation.
Also, have a look at Realme to Launch 5G Smartphones Later this Year in India
What about the Radiation Rumors of 5G?
The frequency of the 5G spectrum will be much higher than that of the 4G spectrums. Despite that, the FDA “continues to believe that the current safety limits for cellphone radiofrequency energy exposure remain acceptable for protecting the public health”, FDA told to a media agency. Furthermore, they added,
As part of our commitment to protecting the public health, the FDA has reviewed and will continue to review, many sources of scientific and medical evidence related to the possibility of adverse health effects from radiofrequency energy exposure in both humans and animals and will continue to do so as new scientific data are published.
Till now whatever studies have been done there’s nothing that indicates the 5G can cause cancer or other health issues. However, a lot more research will be going on the same in the near future. For now, it looks like 5G phones and towers will not cause problems to human health. At least, not more than what already exists.
The Weather Forecast Issue of 5G
Though there’s not much of a health issue with 5G communication there is something else to be concerned. The 23.8 GHz band is quite close to the upcoming 24 GHz superfast 5G band that some carriers will be using. The 23.8 GHz band is currently used by meteorologists to detect the amount of water in the atmosphere. When the 24 GHz band used by some networks will be amplified for maximum coverage the band will be interfering with the 23.8 GHz band and will cause a lot of noise.
This indeed will be a problem if the weather cannot be analyzed properly. People who live in severe weather conditions will suffer as the weather information might not be accurate. Currently, the effect of the interference of bands is not known. However, due to this, there can be a reduction in signal strength in the faster high-frequency bands. But as always, we can only hope that the people will find out a way to use these bands without interfering with the important bands like the 23.8 GHz band.